When you connect several computers together through cables and wires in order to share the resources available on these computers that is known to be networking.
When several computers joined together without server and share the resources this technology is know as peer-to-peer. Two computers are considered peers if they are communicating with each other and playing similar roles. For example, a desktop computer in an office might communicate with the office's print server; however, they are not peers, since the server is playing the role of server and the desktop computer is playing the role of client. In some cases peer-to-peer model uses no servers, so the network is composed entirely of peers. Computers connected to the Network are also referred to as "nodes" or "hosts". Each node has its IP address. The communication is done through token passing method to each node. Just like in ring topology when several computer are connected with each other without a server in the form of a ring. Peer-to-peer technology is used to facilitate the real time communication which can do; exchange data share files, locate other users, communicate, and collaborate directly in real time.
According to modern technology model may be contrasted include the client /server model and the master/slave model. In some cases, peer-to-peer communications is implemented by giving each communication node both server and client capabilities. In recent usage, peer-to-peer has come to describe applications in which users can use the Internet to exchange files with each other directly or through a mediating server.
The infrastructure of peer-to-peer provides application programming interfaces used on server less application, including message and file sharing.
Pear-to-pear networking is suitable for small business networks and home networks. Mostly this type of network is used to share resources. Since it does not need a powerful dedicated server, small, inexpensive networks can be easily set up using pear-to-pear networking. It just requires network adapters, cable or other transmission media, and operating system. Some operating systems have pear-to-pear networking built-in such as Windows 95, Windows for Workgroups, Windows NT Workstation, Windows XP, OS/2
Etc. For most operating systems without this capability, MS DOS software such as NetWare Lite or LANtastic can be added.
However pear-to-pear networks may not be the best choice for larger and growing networks. The general rule is to stop using pear-to-pear network as the number of nodes reaches about ten. It requires trained people who are responsible for sharing data and managing their resources. Security in a pear-to-pear network becomes difficult to maintain.
As each user needs to know how to secure the resources. Due to the lack of central administration it is the user's responsibility to ensure authorized access. The users themselves handle sharing out the data as well as setting permissions that may be needed. Most pear-to-pear networks implement share-level security. Share-level security requires a user to know the password for a resource before using it.
It can be of many types. It is ramified according to its needs. The much known type of networking is pear to pear networking. It is also known as p to p networking. It is to connect computers in a simple modus operandi.
It can be done by networking cables. It can be done by proper setting of LAN card. It will have a main server and the other computer will be client. Both computers would be able to change things with in a computer. We may work at a time in both of the computers in the same manner. It will be sharing of drives of the computer. It cannot share internet because it cannot go for browsing. Networking of internet can be done by using another instrument known as hub. Setting is all about Networking Settings in the Control
We would use Lifesize(Lifesize Express 220) qvsupplies.com/product-category/lifesize/ for interoffice meetings and all-hands. Currently, we use GotoWebinar which is a huge PITA for IT. We would put one in our large conference rooms for larger than 25 participants which is the Hangout limitation.
I don't think pears were able to talk, type, or otherwise communicate back in 2007 when this question was posted.