Enumerate The History Of Computer From The First Device Up To Last Device With Inventors?


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The following information has been largely based on data obtained from the website at the following link so click on the link you would like any further details:
  • 1936: Konrad Zuse invented the Z1 Computer which was the first programmable computer
  • 1942: John Atanasoff and Clifford Berry developed the ABC Computer.
  • 1944: Howard Aiken and Grace Hopper invented the Harvard Mark 1 Computer
  • 1946: John Presper Eckert and John Mauchly invented the ENIAC 1 Computer
  • 1948: The Manchester Baby Computer and The Williams Tube were invented by Frederic Williams and Tom Kikburn
  • 1947-8: Although the invention was not actually a computer, the development of the transistor was what helped other inventors in later years invent new computers. It was developed by John Bardeen, William Shockley and Walter Brattain
  • 1951: The UNIVAC Computer was the first computer that was available commercially and was invented by John Presper Ekbert and John Mauchly
  • 1953: Global company IBM jumped on the band wagon and developed the IBM 701 EDPM Computer
  • 1954: John Backus and IBM developed the FORTRAN Computer programming language
  • 1955: Stanford Research Institute, General Electric and Bank of America invented ERMA and MICR
  • 1958: The Integrated Circuit (or chip) was invented by Jack Kilby and Robert Noyce
  • 1964: Douglas Engelbart invented the Computer Mouse and Windows
  • 1971: Faggin, Hoff and Mazoe developed the Intel 4004 Computer Microprocessor
  • 1974-5: Scelbi, Mark-8 and IBM developed a range of 5100 Computers
  • 1981: IBM develops the IBM PC - the Home Computer
  • 1983: Apple develops the Apple Lisa Computer
  • 1984: The Apple Macintosh computer
  • 1985: Microsoft develops Microsoft Windows.

Each of these developments marks a significant step forward in the evolution of the computer. With the ever improving rate of increased efficiency and decreased size, further developments which could be recognised include the introduction of smartphones, tablets and other devices such as iPods.

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