What Is The Classification Of Computer According To The Type Of Data Handled And Capacity?


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Connor Sephton Profile
Connor Sephton answered
It is not possible to classify computers into one group if you look at the data that they handle and their capacity. Instead, they need to be broken into two separate groups.0 If you want to classify computers according to the type of data that they handle you will find that you have  analog computers, digital computers and hybrid computers. If you classify them by capacity, you will have microcomputers, mini-computers, medium sized computers and supercomputers.

A super computer is one that is able to perform at a speed that is far greater than other computers. In an ever changing world of technology, supercomputers are not able to hold their titles for very long; in fact what used to be a supercomputer years ago is probably far less powerful than the typical computers found in homes today.

The term 'supercomputer' was first used in 1929 in New York and was
used to describe the tabulators made by IBM. Naturally, these tabulators would appear very dated nowadays, but in 1929 they were thought of as the cutting edge of technology, which is typical of supercomputers as they are always the sophisticated, powerful machines of the moment capable of enormous processing powers.

The main use for supercomputers is to perform complex calculations in scientific computing that ordinary computers couldn't handle. Organizations like NASA have supercomputers the size of rooms in order to perform calculations and formulas that are far too complicated for any other type of computer.

Other supercomputers have been designed for specific uses, such as chess playing and for cracking codes. In fact, they are even given names; 'Deep Blue' is a famous supercomputer that was designed simply to play chess and to challenge the best minds.
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Anonymous answered

1. MICROCOMPUTERS= The mass production of silicon chips since 1971 has made it possible to put a "brain"into all sorts of machines. One such machine is the microcomputer. This machines has takes fullest advantage of the use of large-scale integration on silicon chips. The microprocessors literally contain a computer on a chip that can pass through the eye of needle. Microcomputers memories are generally made of semiconductors fabricated on silicons chips. It is a digital computer system under the control of a stored program that uses a microprocessor, a programmable read-only memory (ROM), and a random-access memory (RAM), The ROM defines the instructions to be executed by the computer while RAM is the functional equivalent of computer memory.

2. MINICOMPUTERS= Technological advances in the 1960's enabled manufactures to respond to the growing demand for a similar stand-alone machine, the minicomputer, to handle task that large computers could not perform economically. Minicomputer system (or small mainframe computers) provide faster operating speeds and larger storage capacities than microcomputers systems. They can support a large number of high-speed input/output devices. Several desk drives can be used to provide online access to large data files as required for direct- access processing.

Operating system developed for minicomputer systems generally support both multiprogramming and virtual storage. This means that many programs can be run concurrently. This type of computer system is very flexible and can be expanded to meet the needs of users.

Minicomputers usually have from 8k to 256K memory storage locations, and a relatively established applications software. Although the minicomputer is not as powerful as the medium or large-size computer, it is quite close.

3. MEDIUM-SIZE COMPUTERS= it provide faster operating speeds and larger storage capabilities than small computer systems. They can support a large number of high-speed input-output devices, and several disk drives can be used to provide online access processing. Also support both multiprogramming and virtual storage. This allows the running of a variety of programs concurrently.

Medium-size computer system are very flexible; they can be expanded to meet the needs of users. The possibility of increasing the data processing capability of a computer by adding devices, such additional memory, and other peripheral devices, is called expandability.

4. LARGE COMPUTERS=are the ultimate in system sophistication, flexibility, and speed. They usually contain full control systems with minimal operator intervention. Large computer systems range from single-processing configurations to nationwide computer based networks involving general large computers. Large computers have storage capacities from 512K to 819K, and these computers have internal operating speeds measured in terms of nanoseconds, as a compared to smaller computers where speed in terms of microseconds.

5. SUPERCOMPUTERS= The biggest and fastest machines today are the supercomputers that are used when billions or even trillions of calculations are needed. These machines are essential for applications ranging from nuclear weapon to accurate weather forecasting.

Supercomputers are machines that have capabilities far beyond even the traditional large scale systems. Their speed is in the 100-million-instructions-per-second range.
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Anonymous answered
Give the classification of computer according to capacity?
Anonymous Profile
Anonymous answered
By type of data handled:
analog computers
digital computers
hybrid computers

By capacity:
medium size computers
Anonymous Profile
Anonymous answered
1.Super Computer
2.Main Frame Computer
3.Mini Computers
4.Micro Computers
5.Mobile Computers
Anonymous Profile
Anonymous answered
Tang ina ngha2nap din akoh eh..!!
Anonymous Profile
Anonymous answered
The classification is as under:

  • Super computers:

  • Main frame:
  • Mini:
  • Micro:

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thanked the writer.
Anonymous commented
What are the classifications of computer according to capacity
Anonymous commented
What are the classification of computers by purpose?

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