What Is Subnetting And Supernetting?


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Anonymous Profile
Anonymous answered
When class B addresses are used by class C subnet mask then the result we get is known as subnets. There are many reasons for which we create subnets of an IP network. The basic purpose of subnet is to control traffic over networks.
To get the network and node parts of an address, we apply subnet mask to an IP address. 1 represents to network bit and 0 represents to node bit. To get the network address, we apply an operation among the IP address and the subnet mask is known as Bitwise Logical (AND).

Super-netting is also known as Classes Inter-Domain Routing. The way through which multiple internet addresses of a class are combined together is known as Super-netting. Suppose we have two network addresses. One is and other is By using Super-netting, we can combine these two addresses into a single address as Here seventeen (17) is showing that first 17 bits are representing the network part of address ( There are some protocols which are used Super-netting including BGP and OSPF. Here BGP is known as Border Gateway Protocol and OSPF is known as Open Shortest Path First and it a s routing protocol.
Anonymous Profile
Anonymous answered
CIDR -- Classless InterDomain Routing. CIDR was invented several years ago to keep the internet from running out of IP addresses. The "classful" system of allocating IP addresses can be very wasteful; anyone who could reasonably show a need for more that 254 host addresses was given a Class B address block of 65533 host addresses. Even more wasteful were companies and organizations that were allocated Class A address blocks, which contain over 16 Million host addresses! Only a tiny percentage of the allocated Class A and Class B address space has ever been actually assigned to a host computer on the Internet.
People realized that addresses could be conserved if the class system was eliminated. By accurately allocating only the amount of address space that was actually needed, the address space crisis could be avoided for many years. This was first proposed in 1992 as a scheme called Supernetting. Under supernetting, the classful subnet masks are extended so that a network address and subnet mask could, for example, specify multiple Class C subnets with one address. For example, If I needed about 1000 addresses, I could supernet 4 Class C networks together:   (11000000.00111100.10000000.00000000)  Class C subnet address   (11000000.00111100.10000001.00000000)  Class C subnet address   (11000000.00111100.10000010.00000000)  Class C subnet address   (11000000.00111100.10000011.00000000)  Class C subnet address
------   (11000000.00111100.10000000.00000000)  Supernetted Subnet address  (11111111.11111111.11111100.00000000)  Subnet Mask (11000000.00111100.10000011.11111111)  Broadcast address
In this example, the subnet includes all the addresses from to As you can see in the binary representation of the subnet mask, the Network portion of the address is 22 bits long, and the host portion is 10 bits long.
Under CIDR, the subnet mask notation is reduced to a simplified shorthand. Instead of spelling out the bits of the subnet mask, it is simply listed as the number of 1s bits that start the mask. In the above example, instead of writing the address and subnet mask as, Subnet Mask
the network address would be written simply as: which indicates starting address of the network, and number of 1s bits (22) in the network portion of the address. If you look at the subnet mask in binary (11111111.11111111.11111100.00000000), you can easily see how this notation works.
Becker, R. (2009, april 8). IP Subnetting Tutorial. Retrieved april 8, 2009, from www.ralphb.net www.ralphb.net
Ashwinee Singh Profile
Ashwinee Singh answered
Subnetting is the process of dividing big networks in to small parts of network....and the its alternate the Subnetting is process of merge small network in to huge networks this is called subnetting.

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