What Are The Six Normalization Forms In SQL(Standard Query Language)?

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Normal forms in SQL are given below.

First Normal form (1NF): A relation is said to be in 1NF if it has only single valued attributes, neither repeating nor arrays are permitted.

Second Normal Form (2NF): A relation is said to be in 2NF if it is in 1NF and every non key attribute is fully functional dependent on the primary key.

Third Normal Form (3NF): We say that a relation is in 3NF if it is in 2NF and has no transitive dependencies.

Boyce-Codd Normal Form (BCNF): A relation is said to be in BCNF if and only if every determinant in the relation is a candidate key.

Fourth Normal Form (4NF): A relation is said to be in 4NF if it is in BCNF and contains no multi valued attributes.

Fifth Normal Form (5NF): A relation is said to be in 5NF if and only if every join dependency in relation is implied by the candidate keys of relation.

Domain-Key Normal Form (DKNF): We say that a relation is in DKNF if it is free of all modification anomalies. Insertion, Deletion, and update anomalies come under modification anomalies.

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